Each sport has its own specific demands and requirements and although a balanced diet, with a suitable intake of carbohydrates, protein and fats, is important for all athletes, the ideal balance between these elements will vary from sport to sport. In fact, each sport can be said to have a “star” nutrient and in medium-long distance endurance sports, this is carbohydrates.
Glucose is the main energy substrate used by our bodies during muscular activity and the more intense the activity, the greater the need for glucose and the faster it is consumed. Therefore, the main aim of an athlete’s diet becomes having enough glucose available in the body.
As such, it is clear that with fuller and larger glycogen stores, we are much better equipped to fight off fatigue and this is the main aim in medium-long distance sports.